Posts Tagged ‘Brazil’

Fish of the Week: Catfish – Sorubim

September 26, 2011
Sorubim

Sorubim

Our “Fish of the Week” is Catfish – Sorubim, which is a beautiful species sporting an elegant pattern of hieroglyphic black markings on a silver grey background dorsally and stark white ventrally. The common name sorubim is used for several similarly shaped species in the genus. Body markings, typical habitat and maximum size differ. P. tigrinum is commonly encountered by anglers in Amazon lowland, highland and Guyana shield fisheries.

The Sorubim is distinguished by its flattened head, elongate body and large terminal mouth. Its silvery gray upper body with heiroglyphic markings dorsally, and tiger stripes laterally, also set it apart. Sorubim’s fin markings continue from the body, evolving into spots toward margins. The silver gray on its dorsum changes abruptly to white on its ventral sides, as well as its abdomen. Specimens up to one meter in length and more than 100 pounds have been reported. The genus contains eight recognised species, and although all are similarly elongate, many are uniquely marked and have separate ranges. Common names include Barred Shovelnose (English); sorubim, suribim, cachara (local); and Bagre rayado.

This catfish can be found in Brazil, Peru, Guyana, Ecuador, Bolivia, Suriname, Columbia, Venezuela and Argentina, particularly in the Amazon, Orinoco, Essequibo, Corantijn and Parana drainages and river basins. They usually occupy lotic (moving water) environments in blackwater river systems. Primarily feeding on fishes, P. fasciatumis are readily encountered with cut bait on shallow sandbars in river channels. Although mostly an evening and nocturnal feeder, anglers are often surprised by large sorubim attacking artificial lures in open water at any time of day. The current IGFA record is 35 pounds, 10 ounces.

In addition to being a great angler’s target, the barred sorubim is a pleasant adjunct to any fishery. Its habit of attacking artificial lures and then fighting like whiskered tuna, makes it endearing to peacock bass anglers and catfishermen alike. In most high gradient fisheries sorubim can be targeted by anglers at evening time. They tend to congregate and forage at the edges of shallow beaches with nearby drop-offs to deeper water. Small live bait or pieces of cut bait are equally effective when cast onto the beach and allowed to drift naturally to the nearby drop-off. An effective rig consists of a 10/0 to 14/0 circle hook (or smaller J hook) with a wire leader and relatively light sinker (approx. 1 oz.), enough to keep it down while still allowing the current to slowly carry it. The take is usually quite forceful. Once hooked, sorubim will fight in open water with strong runs and surprising stamina.

Pintado

Pintado

Pintado – Psuedoplatystoma corruscans – up to 1.5 meter
This larger catfish is found outside the Amazon in the Pantanal and the Sao Francisco and Parana river basins
(Illustration from “Peixes do Pantanal” – Embrapa – poster)

Pintado

Pintado

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Exploring the Fringe – Two Highlands Rivers – The Rio Urariquera and the Rio Travessao

September 8, 2011

By Paul Reiss

Two Highlands Rivers – The Rio Urariquera and the Rio Travessao

Have you ever daydreamed about some great fishing spot, real or imagined, that would fulfill all of your fishing fantasies? It would be

Trairao - Where's that guy who kisses fish on TV now?

Trairao - Where's that guy who kisses fish on TV now?

isolated; you’d be the only one there. It would be beautiful; an example of Nature’s perfection. It would be just right for your style of fishing; the best spots within an easy cast of your plug or fly. But most of all, it would be loaded with fish; hungry, aggressive, big fish just waiting for your brilliantly presented bait! Of course you have; you’re a fisherman!

Well, so have I and so have my fishing partners and fellow explorers. We..Wellington, Nicky and myself.. Three friends, fishermen and Amazon outfitters, decided to try to make that daydream a reality. As our regularly scheduled guided seasons ended and our time became our own, we pooled our resources to cooperate in a search for new, exotic fishing destinations; for the daydream location.

Our quest started in the far northern Brazilian town of Boa Vista. Surrounded by the rare sight of Amazonian mountains, Boa Vista blends the sensation of a bustling frontier cattle town with the richness and warmth of the rural Brazilian spirit. We met here, at a modest hotel, to lay the groundwork for our expedition into Brazil’s hidden treasures; it’s rare, fast mountain rivers. We were going to succeed surprisingly well.

To read the complete article, please click here.

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Fish of the Week: Peacock Bass – Cichla temensis

August 8, 2011
Cichla temensis

Cichla temensis

Our “Fish of the Week” is Peacock Bass – Cichla temensis, which is the largest member of the peacock bass genus. This top level predator is considered by many to be the most powerful freshwater gamefish in the world, as evidenced by its current IGFA record of 27 pounds.

Cichla temensis, in its bright spawning color phase, is called “assu” in Brazil or “three-bar” in English. They become heavier and deeper bodied in this form due to prespawn changes and matured gonads. In the “paca” form, Cichla temensis displays a darker color pattern and a more hydrodynamic shape.

Cichla temensis identification is made somewhat complex by the species’ morphological variability. Specimens are encountered in two very distinct color and pattern phases, with an array of intermediate stages corresponding to their degree of reproductive readiness. The spawning pattern transformation process is gradual – the bars darken, colors brighten and the white speckles disappear. The brilliantly colored acu (pronounced ‘assu’) is in reproductively active condition. The Paca morph has white or yellow dots (3) arranged in four distinct longitudinal rows. Both morphs have 3 distinct dark bars (2) along the sides of the body and a distinct black stripe or speckled markings from the eye to the end of the opercular bone (cheek or gill cover) (1), no ocelli on the sides or at the base of the second dorsal.

Cichla temensis

Cichla temensis

Temensis is the most elongate of the Cichla species, with a body depth generally around 25 percent of its standard length (length measured to the base of the tail). It has the smallest relative scale size of the genus, generally having from 100 to 125 scales along its lateral line.

The species has three distinct, entire bars from dorsal peak to below lateral line, almost to the abdomen. It also has a distinctive postorbital band (or series of connected blotches on operculum [cheek]). In paca form, they sport four horizontal rows of light colored speckles. Its colors are extremely variable. Juveniles can grow up to about 300 cm (12 inches), while adults can grow from 300 mm up to about one meter (39 inches). Its depth to length ratio is approximately 25 percent and it has about 110 lateral line scales. Similar species include Cichla pinima and Cichla vazzoleri.

Cichla temensis

Cichla temensis

Cichla temensis’ violent behavior and awesome tackle-busting power is the primary attraction that brings avid sport fishermen to the Amazon. Its known range include the countries of Venezuela, Columbia and Brazil. Within these countries, you’ll find Cichla temensis in the Rio Negro, Orinoco, Madeira and Branco basins, with some limited populations noted in several rivers draining into the Solimoes and Amazon. Temensis primarily occupies lentic (slow or still water) environments in lagoons, backwaters and shoreline pockets. However, they will readily enter faster waters to feed and when water levels leave most lentic habitat dry. They are mostly restricted to blackwater systems. Common names for this peacock include three-barred peacock, speckled peacock, tucunare, acu, paca and giant peacock.

A primarily piscivorous (fish-eating) predator, C. temensis will behave as both a pursuit feeder and an opportunistic feeder. Their determined and aggressive fry-guarding behavior makes large acu readily accessible to sharp-eyed anglers. Cichla temensis is the premier peacock bass species pursued by trophy anglers. Its sheer size, violent attacks and general overall aggressiveness have made it the most highly regarded of all freshwater sportfish. It has spurred volumes of literature and endless variations of tactics and techniques. See our ‘Peacock Bass Primer‘ for a thorough introductory guide to catching this species in its native, pulsative river environments.

 

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A Natural Jacuzzi

July 27, 2011

The multitude of braids and small waterways formed as big rivers cascade down through rocky defiles in Brazil’s high gradient Guyana Shield region creates wonderful sites like this natural Jacuzzi:

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Fish of the Week – Redtail Catfish (Pirarara)

June 14, 2011
Our “Fish of the Week” is redtail catfish, also known as pirarara in Brazil. One of the most ubiquitous of the giant cats, it appears to have very few habitat limitations, just as happily living in acidic, blackwater lowlands streams as it is in alkaline highlands rivers. They can be found in all parts of clear (blue) water, blackwater and whitewater (sediment carrying) rivers, including small tributary streams.
Redtail Catfish

Redtail Catfish

Their unique markings and bright coloration makes them very easy to identify – their bright tail is an instant giveaway. Their dark upper body contrasts sharply with a cream to white segment below the lateral line posteriorly. The mix of contrasting colors highlighted with red makes this catfish one of the most striking of the big cats. Its body color is dark olive to shiny black, its abdomen white and lower fins red. Its dorsal fin and adipose fin are fringed with red.

A very powerful fighter, redtails are known for a sustained, line-pulling initial run and the ability to find a tangle of submerged logs at the end. Adults can grow up to 60 inches and can weigh more than 100 pounds (the IGFA world record is 113 lbs, 9 oz. caught in the Rio Negro). Found in the Amazon basin in Brazil, their seemingly endless appetite makes them easy for anglers to engage. They’re ominvores, as they feed on fish, detritus, crabs and fruit (we’ve actually caught them on pieces of watermelon!). They’ve been landed on everything anglers use, ranging from free-swimming live bait to a Wooly Bugger fly (cut bait is easiest, for practical purposes).
An entire head of a traira on a circle hook is a durable and widely accepted bait for redtails. Use an Amazon rig, configured as follows: “For Redtail Catfish, a large (14/0) circle hook haywire twisted to 12 to 18 inches of strong (120 – 220 lb. test) wire then twisted to a heavy (180 lb. test swivel. A two ounce (or heavier – as current demands) egg sinker is allowed to run freely on heavy line (50 pound or greater) braided line. This wire reinforced ‘Amazon’ rig helps keep piranha away from the actual running line and minimizes the loss of hook, line and sinker.”
Set up your road according to your preferences. Try a woodchopper rod (medium-heavy baitcaster or spinner) equipped with heavy braid (50- to 65-pound test). You’ll have fun catching these guys on light tackle – they’re very durable fish that don’t tire easily.
Several types of water are usually productive. In a river without a lot of features, a curve will often suffice. Drop the bait into the deeper, channel side. If deep pools with eddying water are available, select these types of water. Often, piranha activity on the bait is followed quickly by a take, which may summon the redtail. In any case, the traira head is a great bait even when almost entirely denuded. Let the piranha have their way and wait for your quarry. If there is a redtail there, you’ll usually meet up within 15 minutes. If not, move on.
To succeed with this tackle, you must survive the first run. Make sure your boat is ready to move upon the hookup. The “take” is usually a no-doubter – redtails grab forcefully and move on. With an open bail (or clicker on), allow line to be taken until you’re certain the fish is moving away from you and has had a chance to engulf the bait. Point the rod tip upward, engage your reel and allow the rod to be pulled downward until it points at the fish. With resistance occurring, a redtail will usually react with a screaming run, hooking himself with the circle hook in the process. This method is highly recommended because it will unfailingly result in a safe hookset in the corner of the fish’s mouth, never in its gullet or stomach.
Depending on the size of the fish and the underwater structure, anglers with light tackle can be spooled on the first run. Make sure the boat stays with the fish and you keep a reasonable reserve of line. Don’t try to stop him with a thumb or a tightened drag – you’ll probably just break him off. Let him burn off that first blast and then you can start to fight back. The key to landing a big redtail on light tackle is to get him off the bottom. If possible, get nearly over him, but offset at an angle, and work him upwards. If you can lever him into the water column, you gain the tactical and mechanical advantage and can probably land the fish quickly. If he is able to remain on the bottom, he will seek cover or structure and even though you may have survived the difficult first run, you can still lose him to an unforgiving snag. Once at the boat, redtails can be easily lifted from the water by their heavily boned pectoral fins. He’ll talk to you the entire time you take your pictures. Put him back to fight again.
If you’re record hunting or simply want to land the highest possible percentage, a heavier rig (i.e. – an Ambassador 7000 sized reel with a stiff, short and heavy Ugly Stick rod) can be used with line up to 100 lb. test. This is enough to slow down the runs and then muscle all but the biggest redtails off the bottom, the key to landing them.
John With Big Redtail

John With Big Redtail

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Fish of the Week: Peacock Bass – Cichla melaniae

May 16, 2011
Cichla melaniae

David Orndorf of Sunbury, Ohio caught this Cichla melaniae on the Rio Xingu in Brazil.

Our “Fish of the Week” is Peacock Bass – Cichla melaniae, one of the newly described (2006) species of Cichla. Commonly referred to as the “Lower Xingu peacock,” it displays three prominent black vertical bars that are slightly slimmer than other species. It shows traces of medial bars between the three main bars and sports numerous small black spots with light colored margins scattered along the body sides. Cichla melaniae is similar to Cichla mirianae except for the absence of light spots on its head and the absence of midlateral ocelli.

The Cichla melaniae features a deep gold color on its sides and shades darker toward dorsum. Its bars and ocellus are black while its upper fins and tips of its lower fins are a bluish hue. Juveniles grow up to 200 mm while adults can range from 200 mm to 400 mm. Its depth-to-length ratio is approximately 31 percent and it features approximately 82 lateral line scales.

This species of peacock bass has been found in the lower Rio Xingu river basin in Brazil, often in lentic (off-current) lagoons and lotic (subject to river current) rock piles. Dave Orndorf caught specimans like the one pictured on shallow running crank baits and pointed pikie minnows. Similar to other species of peacocks, they were caught in side lagoons as well as rock piles in the river. Dave upgraded his lures with enhanced hooks and split rings.

To date, the IGFA record is seven pounds. Cichla melaniae is named after Melanie Stiassny, an important contributor to Cichlid classification.

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Part Four of Paul Reiss’ Interview with Bass Fishing Source: “What Peacock Bass Lures Do The Pros Use?”

May 12, 2011

Paul Reiss, owner of Acute Angling, talks with Bass Fishing Source about peacock bass lures in part four of an exclusive interview. Read all about it below or click here.

What Peacock Bass Lures Do The Pros Use?

In this segment of our interview with Paul Reiss he tells us what Peacock Bass lures he has put to work and had success with during his time in going after the monster Peacocks of the Amazon.

B-F-S: Can you describe what type of lures a person should have if they want to catch Peacock Bass?

Paul: I’ve learned long a go never to tell someone that his favorite lure won’t work, because it’s almost an unwritten rule of fishing that the moment you say something can’t be done, someone will go and do it. That being considered however, we hook probably 90 percent of all the big peacocks we catch in a year on four principle categories of lures; propeller lures; stick baits; swimming plugs and peacock rattle jigs.

Monster Peacock Bass Catch

The most famous, of course, are the big, 6 or 7 inch prop baits. These are known from Luhr-Jensen’s (now defunct) “Woodchoppers” and today’s Highroller “Riprollers”. They catch good numbers of fish, generate spectacular topwater strikes and make for wonderful television; however, they are always productive. Certain water conditions may make them next to ineffective, so an angler must be armed with an array of alternative tools.

Stick baits, such as “Zara Spooks” and “Super Spooks” are especially effective early and late in the day, in small, still waters and in thick structure. Swimming plugs like Yo-Zuri’s “Crystal Minnow or Cotton Cordell’s “Redfin” are almost always effective and provide tired anglers with effortless fishing, albeit not nearly as productive as their subsurface counterpart, the “Peacock Rattle Jig”.

B-F-S: With the understanding that conditions will tell you what lure you should use, and it can vary from time to time, but is there any one type of lure that is especially productive in catching these fish?

Paul: Absolutely. The “Peacock Rattle Jig catches far more peacock bass than any other lure. Although it’s a jig in every aspect of the word, the name is a bit deceptive since we don’t jig it. It never goes to the bottom. Instead we fish it as though we were stripping a fly, rapidly accelerating and then slowing again in a rhythmic, jerky motion in the top several feet of the water column. This lure is by far the most productive of all peacock bass lures and is effective in just about any conditions. Even better, their small, light easy to use and cheap – you can even make your own. For more information on this lure and how to fish it, check out our website’s peacock jig section.

Thanks Paul for the priceless information on the best peacock bass lures to catch Amazon peacocks.

More with Paul Reiss on Amazon Peacock Bass:

Paul talks with Bass-Fishing-Source.com about the awesome Amazon Peacock Bass.

Paul shares some priceless Amazon Peaock fishing techniques.

Paul describes the fishing gear needed to catch monster Peacock.

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Part Three of Paul Reiss’ Interview with Bass Fishing Source: “Peacock Bass Techniques You Can’t Do Without”

May 10, 2011

Paul Reiss, owner of Acute Angling, talks with Bass Fishing Source about peacock bass fishing tips and techniques in part three of an exclusive interview. Read all about it below or click here.

Peacock Bass Techniques You Can’t Do Without

I don’t know about you but when 17 years of experience offers up some Peacock Bass techniques, I’m all ears, soaking up as much knowledge as I can. You just don’t come across that much experience and expertise often so we were jumping at the chance to ask Paul Reiss of Acute Angling to give us some tips and techniques we could share with all our visitors.

Girl Peacock Bass Fishing

Check it out in this continuation of our interview with Paul.

B-F-S: Any particular time of day or night that is most productive?

Paul: Peacocks are strictly diurnal feeders. That means they hunt and feed during daylight hours. Consequently, our guides head off fishing at sunup and return before sundown. Since our peacock bass fishery is essentially astride the equator, the sun rises at 6:30 AM and sets at 6:30 PM. Although peacocks are active and can be caught all day long, anglers tend to bog down around noon, when the powerful equatorial sun is at its strongest. So, lunchtime and a siesta are usually in order in the middle of the day. Considering all of this, the best bite is often between 8 and 10 AM and again between 2 and 4 PM. It’s nice to not have to get up ridiculously early when you’re on vacation.

B-F-S: Any tips or peacock bass techniques you can give our visitors that will help them when fishing for Peacock?

Paul: Here are three that will help prevent the disappointment of a lost trophy;

  1. Tie directly to the lure. Avoid snaps and leaders and other mumbo-jumbo. Every link in the chain connecting you to your quarry is simply one more thing that can go wrong. Keep it simple (and use a Palomar knot).
  2. When you hook a big peacock, try to convince him that nothing is wrong. This might sound silly, but it has a very useful effect. The gear I recommended is stout enough for fishermen to simply crank in small fish. But this won’t work with giant peacocks. A big specimen is strong enough to easily snap 65 pound braid. Anglers often try to use heavier line with a tightened drag to overcome this, but that simply leads to broken rods, straightened hooks or torn out lures. These fish are just too powerful for that kind of treatment.So, after you hook up, if he hasn’t panicked yet, don’t make him do so. Don’t start hauling and cranking and getting furious, he’ll sense this and head for the hills. Instead, try to lead him gently by lowering your rod tip to one side of the boat and slowly recovering line, trying to convince him to swim along but always maintaining tension and a bend in the rod. When he gets close enough to see the boat, he will panic, but now he’s in your playing field, far from the safety of shoreline snags or flooded forest. Let him run (they usually don’t go too far) and repeat the process until he’s tired, when you can land him safely.
  3. When fighting a big fish who is heading for cover, always sweep your rod to one side or the other, never pull straight back. When your rod is overhead, any direction presents the same difficulty for the fish, so he’ll go the way he wants to (think of the geometry). When a rod is swept to one side (pick the side away from the cover the fish is seeking), it becomes easier for him to swim in that direction and he’ll generally do so. This will help you avoid losing a trophy fish to the perils of snags and underwater structure.

Once again, thanks Paul. Some excellent and priceless Peacock Bass techniques.

More with Paul Reiss on Amazon Peacock Bass:

Paul talks with Bass-Fishing-Source.com about the awesome Amazon Peacock Bass.

Paul discusses the best lures for Amazon Peacock Bass.

Paul describes the fishing gear needed to catch monster Peacock.

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Part Two of Paul Reiss’ Interview with Bass Fishing Source: “Amazon Peacock Bass – The Real Heavy Hitting Monsters”

May 6, 2011

Paul Reiss, owner of Acute Angling, talks with Bass-Fishing-Source about fishing the Amazon for peacock bass in part two of an exclusive interview. Read it all below or click here.

Amazon Peacock Bass – The Real Heavy Hitting Monsters

Amazon peacock bass are quite different than anything you will find in the U.S. While the peacock bass in Florida can be great to catch, fishing for Peacock in the Amazon is not only a whole different experience but it’s also a whole different fish.

In our search for information on catching the “bass” that hits your line like a truck, we were lucky enough to get some insight from a true authority in Amazon Peacock Bass, Paul Reiss of Acute Angling.

We got a chance to ask Paul about what it takes to catch Peacocks in the Amazon, including tackle, lures and even some tips and techniques to land your next trophy Peacock. You don’t want to miss what he has to say about giving youself the best chance to land the fish of a life time.

First a quick introduction for those that may not know Paul.

Paul Reiss Peacock Bass Catch

Paul Reiss operates Acute Angling, a unique outfitting company offering guided Amazon fishing trips and explorations. After a conventional entrepreneurial career, he fulfilled a lifelong nature lover’s dream by founding a business that allows him and the anglers he takes along, to explore the world’s vastest wilderness, pursuing its fiercest sportfish and observing firsthand the amazing aquatic life of the Amazon. With two decades of field experience and doctoral study, Reiss is probably the world’s foremost expert on Amazon sportfishing and the amazing peacock bass. His company is focused on finding and accessing pristine waters for Peacock Bass, Payara, giant catfish and other fierce Amazon sportfish.

Find out more about Paul Reiss and his service, Acute Angling.

B-F-S: How long have you been fishing for Peacock Bass?

Paul: Seventeen years. My first visit to Brazil was in 1994. I quickly fell in love with the Amazon and vowed to find a way to spend my time there. The fishing business quickly evolved and along with it my research and conservation projects.

B-F-S: How do Peacock bass in the U.S. differ from Amazon Peacock Bass?

Paul: Basically, they are simply an altogether different species than thegiants we pursue in the Amazon. Even though they are related, they are as dissimilar as smallmouth and rock bass, snook and Nile perch or ladyfish and tarpon. The species that was successfully transplanted to Florida two decades ago is Cichla ocellaris, a smaller, more cold-tolerant species than the Amazon giant, Cichla temensis. Their behavior is quite different as well. Unlike the Brazilian giants, who are known for theirviolently aggressive topwater attacks, the Florida transplants are more of an opportunistic subsurface species, similar in some ways to the feeding behavior of a largemouth bass, although they typically strike harder.

Amazon peacock bass are enormous and can reach sizes approaching 30 pounds, while the Florida fishery typically yields 2 to 3 pound fish, with specimens occasionally reaching double digits. The fishing experience is also as different as the fishes. It’s hard to compare fishing in a pristine Amazon wilderness with casting in a canal in the shadow of a roaring airport. To experience the true power and ferocious nature of the giant peacock bass, there is no shortcut that bypasses the Amazon.

Amazon Peacock Bass Fishing

B-F-S: Why can you only find these big Peacock in the Amazon?

Paul: Simply put, temperature. They just can’t survive Florida winters. While Cichla ocellaris can tolerate temperatures as low as 60 degrees, the Amazon giant, Cichla temensis, won’t survive if water temperature dips below 75. They are really at their best in water ranging from 82 to 88 degrees year round, an aquatic environment not readily found outside the Amazon.

B-F-S: Many people tend talk about Peacock bass as one species of fish but my understanding is there are actually several species that are categorized as Peacocks. Can you clarify what the most popular and/or most common type of Peacock Bass?

Paul: There are actually 15 described species of peacock bass, but there is a tremendous amount of misinformation and misidentification circulating on the internet regarding their taxonomy. Even in scientific circles, classification of the genus Cichla (to which all species of peacock bass belong) has historically been a subject of disagreement. Recently, however, DNA analysis has provided clarification regarding its place in the family Cichlidae, while a revision of the genus in 2006 has done much to resolve Cichla taxonomy at the species level. There has not, however, been a widespread dissemination of this newfound knowledge in angling and non-scientific circles.

All 15 species of Cichla are relatively large, diurnal predators and all are primarily piscivorous. All of the species are commonly known as Peacock Bass in English, Tucunaré in Brazil and Pavon in Spanish speaking countries.

The giant species targeted by trophy anglers is Cichla temensis, the largest member of the genus and of the greatest importance in the lowlands of Amazonia, both as a sportfish and for human consumption. Their natural environment consists primarily of blackwater flood pulse rivers with extremely variable seasonal conditions. The species is found only in Brazil, Venezuela and Columbia, from the Rio Negro, Madeira and Orinoco drainages. There is an up-to-date and detailed species ID guide on our website, where anglers can see the pertinent information on all 15 species of peacock bass.

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Everything but a Payara – Episode 1 – The “Fish Finder” on the Rio Travessao

May 5, 2011

Steve Townson and Paul Reiss of Acute Angling fish the remarkable Rio Travessao, deep in the Brazilian Amazon. Their target on Steve’s first day on the river is payara, but as it turns out, they catch everything but. The Travessao’s variety means that even if what you set out for isn’t cooperating, a whole cornucopia of other exciting gamefish are ready to take you on.

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